P1.11 — Boron Abundances Across the "Li-Be Dip" in the Hyades Cluster

Date & Time

Aug 4th at 6:00 PM until 6:00 PM




Rating ( votes)

Author(s): Ann Merchant Boesgaard4, Michael G. Lum4, Constantine P. Deliyannis2, Jeremy R. King1, Marc H. Pinsonneault3

Institution(s): 1. Clemson University, 2. Indiana University, 3. Ohio State University, 4. University of Hawaii

Dramatic deficiencies of Li in the mid-F dwarf stars of the Hyades cluster were discovered by Boesgaard and Tripicco in 1986. Using high-resolution, high signal-to-noise spectra from the Keck 10-m telescope, Boesgaard and King discovered the corresponding, but smaller, deficiencies in Be in the same narrow temperature region in the Hyades. With the Space Telescope Imaging Spectrograph on HST we investigate B abundances in the Hyades F stars to look for a potential B dip. We use the resonance line of B I at 2497 A. These three elements are destroyed inside stars at increasingly hotter temperatures: 2.5 x 10$^6$, 3.5 x 10$^6$, and 5 x 10$^6$ K for Li, Be, B respectively. Consequently, these elements survive to increasingly greater depths in a star and their surface abundances act as a report on the depth and thoroughness of mixing in the star. We have used updated photometry from Hipparcos to find stellar parameters for the Hyades stars and have redetermined Li abundances (or upper limits) for 79 Hyades dwarfs, Be for 34 stars, and B in five stars. We find evidence for a small dip in the B abundance across the Li-Be dip. We have compared our nLTE B abundances for the three high B stars on either side of the Li-Be dip with those found by Duncan for the Hyades giants. This confirms the factor of ten decline in the B abundance in the Hyades giants as predicted by dilution due to the deepening of the surface convection zone.