Author(s): , ,
Institution(s): 1. Atmospheric and Environmental Research, 2. Space Research Center of the PAS, 3. Warsaw University of Technology
One can estimate the hydrological signal in polar motion excitation as a residual, namely the difference between observed geodetic excitation functions (Geodetic Angular Momentum, GAM) and the sum of Atmospheric Angular Momentum (AAM) and Oceanic Angular Momentum (OAM).
The aim of this study is to find the optimal model and results for hydrological excitation functions in terms of their agreement with the computed difference between GAM and atmospheric and oceanic signals.
The atmospheric and oceanic model-based data that we use in this study are the geophysical excitation functions of AAM, OAM available from the Special Bureaus for the Atmosphere and Oceans of the Geophysical Global Fluids Center (GGFC) of the International Earth Rotation and Reference Systems Service (IERS). For the atmosphere and ocean, these functions are based on the mass and motion fields of the fluids.
Global models of land hydrology are used to estimate hydrological excitation functions of polar motion (Hydrological Angular Momentum – HAM). These HAM series are the mass of water substance determined from the various types of land-based hydrological reservoirs. In addition the HAM are estimated from spherical harmonic coefficients of the Earth’s gravity field. We use several sets of degree-2, order-1 harmonics of the Earth’s gravity field, derived from the Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment (GRACE), Satellite Laser Ranging (SLR), and Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSS) data.
Finally, these several different HAM series are used to determine the best model of hydrological excitation of polar motion. The model is found by looking for the combination of these series that fits the geodetic residuals using the least-square method.
In addition, we will access model results from the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project, fifth experiment (CMIP-5) to examine atmospheric excitations from the twentieth century and estimates for the twenty-first century to see the possible signals and trends of these excitation series to help understand the potential range in the derived of hydrological excitation results.